Science of Reading and Repeated Oral Reading

Posted by Playbooks Publishing on

There is an abundance of research supporting that “Repeated Guided Oral Reading” improves reading fluency and comprehension, especially when it includes reading role models. Research also shows four repeated readings sufficiently improve reading fluency. 

What is Repeated Guided Reading? 

Repeated oral reading is an instructional approach that involves students reading the same text multiple times under the guidance of a teacher or another adult. The Science of Reading emphasizes the importance of phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension in the process of reading. Repeated oral reading can be a valuable tool for developing fluency, which is one of the key components of reading proficiency.

Fluency refers to the ability to read accurately, smoothly, and with expression. Repeated oral reading can help students improve their fluency by providing them with opportunities to practice reading a text multiple times. When students read a text repeatedly, they become more familiar with the words and sentence structures, which allows them to read with greater speed and accuracy. This, in turn, can lead to increased comprehension, as students are able to devote more attention to understanding the meaning of the text rather than struggling with decoding individual words.

Moreover, research shows that repeated oral reading can help students develop automaticity in word recognition, which is a critical component of reading proficiency. When students are able to recognize words quickly and automatically, they can devote more attention to understanding the meaning of the text.

Here are 10 ways repeated oral reading fits into the Science of Reading:

  1. Increases fluency: Repeated oral reading helps students develop fluency by practicing reading the same text multiple times, which improves accuracy, speed, and prosody.

  2. Builds vocabulary: Repeated oral reading exposes students to new words and reinforces their understanding of familiar words, which helps build their vocabulary.

  3. Enhances comprehension: Repeated oral reading allows students to focus on comprehension instead of decoding, which improves their understanding of the text.

  4. Strengthens phonological awareness: Repeated oral reading helps students develop phonological awareness by focusing on the sounds and patterns of words in the text.

  5. Improves decoding skills: Repeated oral reading helps students develop decoding skills by practicing reading the same words and phrases multiple times.

  6. Develops automaticity: Repeated oral reading helps students develop automaticity in reading, which allows them to read with greater ease and efficiency.

  7. Supports word recognition: Repeated oral reading helps students recognize words more quickly and accurately, which improves their overall reading ability.

  8. Helps struggling readers: Repeated oral reading is especially beneficial for struggling readers, as it allows them to practice reading at their own pace and build confidence in their reading abilities.

  9. Increases motivation: Repeated oral reading can be a fun and engaging activity for students, which can increase their motivation to read and improve their reading skills.

  10. Aligns with evidence-based practices: Repeated oral reading is supported by research as an evidence-based practice for improving reading fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension, which aligns with the principles of the Science of Reading.

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